The views of this article are the perspective of the author and may not be reflective of Confessions of the Professions.
The Battle To Fuel The Future Of Cars
There was time when finding the replacement for the petrol and diesel was difficult. Now in 2016, when we look back, we know that we have come a long way. We have invented the cars that can run, without the traditional fuels. Electric cars have been in the making for a longtime, and they were often ridiculed for their performance in early stages.
Today their performance is not ridiculous, it’s phenomenal. The best and the sharpest minds in the automobile industries, are going head to head to decide, how you will power your car in the future. Since like Electric cars, there are hydrogen fueled cars. We at carleasingmadesimple made an infographic that talks about the qualities of each fuel type, and which fuel type may eventually win the battle.
First we talk about how they work:
Electric cars: Cars get power from rechargeable batteries, which then powers the motor.
Hydrogen: Hydrogen and Oxygen are sent to the FC stack. A chemical reaction produces electricity and water. Electricity is sent to the motor.
How much do they cost?
Electric: £2 to £3 will give a typical range of 100 miles.
Hydrogen: £4 a kilogram.
Time taken to refuel:
Electric car: It takes around 3-4 hours to fast charge.
Hydrogen: Cars take about 3-5 minutes to be fully refueled.
Both Electric and Hydrogen cars produce 0 emissions while running. They both require energy to be created by conventional means, which leads to pollution.
There are various companies who have come up with various models. Tesla has spearheaded the electric car market with their ’TESLA X’, followed by Nissan and BMW.
In case of Hydrogen cars, Toyota has come up with their Toyota Mirai, followed by Korean car maker Hyundai.
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Electric vs. Hydrogen
The battle to fuel the future of cars
Electric: Leading Brands
Tesla, Nissan, BMW
Hydrogen: Leading Brands
HOW THEY WORK
Electric: Electric cars get power from rechargeable batteries, which then power the motor.
Hydrogen: Hydrogen & oxygen are sent to the FC stack. A chemical reaction produces electricity & water. Electricity is sent to the motor.
HOW THEY COMPARE
Cost of Fuel
Electric: €2 to €3 and will give a typical range of 100 miles.
Hydrogen: €4 a kologramme (equivalent of 60mpg/4.7 litres)
Currently electric cars should be cheaper to run, but hydrogen is expected to become cheaper over time. ($2.50 by 2035)
257 miles (Tesla X)
312 miles (Toyota Mirai)
Slow Charge – 6-8 hours
Fast Charge 3-4 hours
Rapid AC charge 30-60 mins
Rapid DC charge 30 min or 80% charge
Hydrogen cars take between 3 and 5 minutes to be fully refueled.
BATTERIES VS FUEL CELL
Fuels can provide more energy than a battery and won’t need to be replaced nearly as often.
A fuel cell could power a typical house for two days.
Hydrogen Fuel Cells also produce a lot more megajoules per kilogram than batteries.
Electric: There are over 3000 charging locations in the UK alone.
Hydrogen: There are currently 644 hydrogen refueling stations worldwide
- 12 hydrogen stations in the UK
COST OF INSTALLATION
Electric: The installation of a parking garage charging point costs $6000
A curb-side installation costs $9000
A home charge can cost around $1000 including labor.
Hydrogen: $750 for a hydrogen dispenser at an existing gasoline station.
$2.1 million to $3.3 million for a purpose built station.
Electric / Hydrogen: Both BEV vehicles and Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles produce 0 emissions while running. They both require energy to be created by conventional means, which leads to pollution.
Power source -> Electricity grid -> Charge a car
Currently electric cars are better for the environment due to the way hydrogen is produced and stored. This may change as they hydrogen infrastructure develops.
Power source -> Hydrogen storage -> Distribute -> Station storage -> Fuel a car
TESLA MODEL X vs TOYOTA MIRAI
TESLA MODEL X
Cost $13,000/€90,000 (estimated)
0-60mph: 3.8 seconds
Top speed: 155 mph
Horsepower: 259 hp with 2 motors
Fuel efficiency: 92 mpg
Range: 250 miles / 400km
Wheelbase: 120.5 in (3,061 mm)
Length: 198.0 in (5,029 mm)
Width: 89.4 in (2,271 mm)
Height 66.3 in (1,684 mm)
Curb Weight: 4795 lb (2175 kgs)
0-60 9.4 sec
Top speed: 108 mph
Wheelbase: 2,780 mm (109 in) (2)
Length: 4,890 mm (192.5 in)
Width: 1,815 mm (77.5 in)
Height: 1,535 mm (60.4 in)
Curb weight: 1,850 kg (4,068.6 lb)
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