Rachna Kapoor http://www.tutoringexpert.ca 4m 1,097 #mathematics

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## Higher Chances For Successful Careers With Mathematics

Evidence suggests that mathematical ability is an important indicator of career success. Many people believe that you are either good at maths, or you’re not, but studies indicate that children have a surprisingly large capacity to learn maths at a young age. However, they are simply not given the opportunity to do so, and teachers even underestimate children’s ability to learn maths.

In one study, researchers identified how a large percentage of high achievers in maths in the SATs earned a doctorate. Of course, not everyone can be a high achiever in maths, but it is worth remembering that people with an above average ability will also reap the benefits in their careers. Children need to be encouraged from a young age to pursue maths, and there are many novel techniques that parents can use to encourage their children to embrace maths.

If children are not exposed to maths at a young age, these problems can carry through to adulthood, which in turn can have a massive impact on career success. Exposing children to maths from a very young age opens the door to success across a wide range of disciplines, and failure to do so may close the door on some potentially lucrative careers.

This infographic from The Tutoring Expert outlines the importance of learning maths at a young age, and reveals how it is an significant indicator of career success.

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## How Mathematical Ability Predicts Career Success

Evidence shows that the mathematical ability of young children is an important indicator of career success. What is the current problem and what can we do to help children embrace math from an early age?

### How Mathematicians Break the Curve

In the early 1970s, researchers identified a large sample of U.S. 13 year-olds who were exceptionally talented in math—landing in the top 1% of mathematical reasoning scores on SAT tests.

**Result**

From **1037 Men and 613 Women**, the results were startling.

**4.1%** tenured at a major research university.

**23%** became top executives and **24%** became attorneys.

**25% – 40%** earned doctorates compared with less than **2%** of the American population.

**7572** academic articles were written by **25%** of the students.

**681** patents were secured by **8%** of participants.

**The Problem Children Face**

- Young children have a surprising capacity to learn substantial mathematics, but most children have a discouraging
**lack of opportunities to do so**. - Too many children not only start behind, but they also begin
**a negative and immutable trajectory**in mathematics, with insidious long-term effects. - These
**negative effects**are in one of the most important subjects of academic life and also**affect children’s overall life course**. **60%**of 3-year-olds have no mathematical experience of any kind across**180 observations**.

### Surprising Research Findings

**Surprise 1**

**There is predictive power in early mathematics**

- Mathematical thinking is cognitively foundational and children’s early knowledge of math
**strongly predicts later success in math**. - More surprising is that preschool mathematics knowledge
**predicts achievement even into high school**. - Most surprising is that it also
**predicts later reading achievement**even better than early reading skills.

**Surprise 2**

**Teachers vastly underestimate what children know and can learn**

- One study showed that groups of teachers who worked with preschoolers
**underestimated the mathematical competencies**of these very same students when they entered kindergarten. - For example,
**more than 80%**of the students could count out nine marbles, but the adults’ estimates were from**20% to 50%**. **More than 40%**of the students could subtract**10 – 8 without objects**, but all adults**estimated less than 10%**.

**Surprise 3**

**Behavior Problems**

- A study involving
**16,387 children**showed no correlation between behavioral problems in elementary school and subsequent scholastic achievement, but early match skills played a big role. - The math results were quite striking. Children with persistent math problems in elementary school were
**13% less likely to graduate from high school and 29% less likely to attend college**.

**Surprise 4**

**All students need a math intervention**

- It is not just the poorest children who need
**interventions**. - When they enter kindergarten, most children are behind their peers from the best-funded communities. That is, there is a
**significant gap between every “quintile” and the highest 20%**.

**Surprise 5**

**Problems carry through to Adulthood**

**58%**of adult cannot compute a**10% tip on a lunch bill.****71%**of adults cannot compute the interest**paid on a loan**.**78%**of adults cannot calculate**miles per gallon on a trip**.

### How People on Reddit Think Children Should Learn Math

**Buy your children legos.**

Lots of Redditors cited Legos as being particularly crucial to their upbringing and thinking. Legos will help your kid conceptualize big, complex, abstractions from small basic parts.

**Ask children wide open questions that involve estimation and math, as opposed to the specific questions they get at school.**

For example, “How long will it take to fill a pool?” This kind of open-ended problem solving is tantalizing and incorporates all sorts of math skills. They can also go into as much depth as possible once they solve it.

**Get children music lessons**

There’s an intimate relationship between abstract math and music, and the same skills necessary to perform well in music — dedication, creativity, improvisation, and quick-thinking — are crucial to success in math.

**Buy them the card game Set**

Give them the card game Set. First published in 1991, Set was cited by multiple mathematicians as particularly inspiring.

The game provokes the ideas of permutations, combinations, and probability.

**Teach your children Origami**

One mathematician noted that origami conditioned them to love geometry. Plus, it has the added benefit of appealing to tactile learners.

Teach your kid how to play chess

Chess is another game to teach your kid. It’s got relatively simple rules that removes chance from the equation and builds analytical thinking skills.

**Let the kids cut the pizza**

One Redditor recommended asking them this problem: *How many pieces can you get if you slice a pie with five straight cuts?*

And then expanded the scope of it to see if they can figure it out.

**Buy them every book by Martin Gardner ever**

His books are widely available and are perfect for anyone looking for some challenging quesitons.

Gardner helmed a “recreational mathematics” column about math puzzles in Scientific American for two and a half decades and through his work got generations interested in math.

**Buy them Magic: The Gathering cards**

One mathematician’s brother taught him basic arithmetic at a young age with Magic: The Gathering cards, a competitive card game.

**Install tile in your kitchen**

Another way to secretly teach them math is to encourage them to play on kitchen tiles, which lead directly to concepts of tessellation, pattern identification, and convergent series.

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