The views of this article are the perspective of the author and may not be reflective of Confessions of the Professions.
Prepare and cook food in a fast food restaurant with a limited menu. Duties of these cooks are limited to preparation of a few basic items and normally involve operating large-volume single-purpose cooking equipment.
Sample of reported job titles:
Cook, Deep Fat Fryer Operator, Fast Food Cook, Fry Cook, Fryer, Grill Cook, Line Cook, Pizza Cook, Pizza Maker, Prep Cook (Preparatory Cook)
Order and take delivery of supplies.
Cook the exact number of items ordered by each customer, working on several different orders simultaneously.
Prepare specialty foods, such as pizzas, fish and chips, sandwiches, or tacos, following specific methods that usually require short preparation time.
Operate large-volume cooking equipment, such as grills, deep-fat fryers, or griddles.
Wash, cut, and prepare foods designated for cooking.
Prepare and serve beverages, such as coffee or fountain drinks.
Clean food preparation areas, cooking surfaces, and utensils.
Read food order slips or receive verbal instructions as to food required by patron, and prepare and cook food according to instructions.
Serve orders to customers at windows, counters, or tables.
Clean, stock, and restock workstations and display cases.
Maintain sanitation, health, and safety standards in work areas.
Cook and package batches of food, such as hamburgers or fried chicken, which are prepared to order or kept warm until sold.
Prepare dough, following recipe.
Take food and drink orders and receive payment from customers.
Verify that prepared food meets requirements for quality and quantity.
Pre-cook items, such as bacon, to prepare them for later use.
Measure ingredients required for specific food items being prepared.
Mix ingredients, such as pancake or waffle batters.
Schedule activities and equipment use with managers, using information about daily menus to help coordinate cooking times.
Point of sale POS software — Aldelo Systems Aldelo for Restaurants Pro; Foodman Home-Delivery; Plexis Software Plexis POS; RestaurantPlus PRO
Hot Technologies are requirements frequently included in employer job postings.
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
Detailed Work Activities
Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
Prepare foods for cooking or serving.
Clean food preparation areas, facilities, or equipment.
Prepare hot or cold beverages.
Stock serving stations or dining areas with food or supplies.
Prepare breads or doughs.
Process customer bills or payments.
Check quality of foods or supplies.
Coordinate timing of food production activities.
Face-to-Face Discussions — 94% responded “Every day.”
Spend Time Standing — 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 47% responded “Extremely important.”
Work With Work Group or Team — 54% responded “Extremely important.”
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 42% responded “Moderate results.”
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 45% responded “Every day.”
Physical Proximity — 78% responded “Moderately close (at arm’s length).”
Deal With External Customers — 47% responded “Extremely important.”
Telephone — 43% responded “Every day.”
Frequency of Decision Making — 63% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
Public Speaking — 42% responded “Every day.”
Contact With Others — 54% responded “Constant contact with others.”
Responsible for Others’ Health and Safety — 49% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
Time Pressure — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
Coordinate or Lead Others — 49% responded “Important.”
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 45% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 47% responded “Every day.”
Freedom to Make Decisions — 28% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
- Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
- Related Experience
- Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
- Job Training
- Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
- Job Zone Examples
- These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include food preparation workers, dishwashers, sewing machine operators, landscaping and groundskeeping workers, logging equipment operators, and baristas.
- SVP Range
- Up to 3 months of preparation (Below 4.0)
Training & Credentials
- State training
- Local training
- State licenses
- Have a career path or location in mind? Visit Apprenticeship.gov
to find apprenticeship opportunities near you.
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
How much education does a new hire need to perform a job in this occupation? Respondents said:
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others’ needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Independence — Job requires developing one’s own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Wages & Employment Trends
- Median wages (2020)
- $11.72 hourly, $24,380 annual
- State wages
- Local wages
- Employment (2020)
- 547,800 employees
- Projected growth (2020-2030)
Decline (-1% or lower)
- Projected job openings (2020-2030)
- State trends
- Top industries (2020)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data
and 2020-2030 employment projections
“Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). “Projected job openings” represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
- State job openings
- Local job openings